New Cemetery in Lublin 

Of the four Jewish cemeteries in Lublin before the war, only two are still in existence: the New Cemetery on Walecznych Street which was opened in 1829, and the Old Cemetery. The Old Cemetery dates back to the first half of the 16th century and is the oldest historical Jewish monument in Lublin.

During the Nazi occupation, all but a few of the grave stones in the New Cemetery were destroyed. One that was spared and has been restored is the monument of the famous rabbi of Lublin, Yehuda Meir Szapiro, who died in 1933. He was the founder and rector of the Yeshiva Chachmei Lublin in 1930. In 1958, his remains were taken from the destroyed New Cemetery and interred at the Har Ha-Menuchot cemetery in Jerusalem. His monument or ohel is still at the New Cemetery in Lublin.

The large monument, shown in the photograph below, is the ohel of Rabbi Szapiro, which was unveiled on Nov. 9, 1987 on the 45th anniversary of the liquidation of the Lublin ghetto.

Monument to Rabbi Szapiro

Like most Jewish cemeteries in Poland, those in Lublin were desecrated by the Nazis who removed the tombstones and used them to pave the paths at the Majdanek concentration camp. The cemetery in the Wieniawa Jewish quarter was completely destroyed, and all but 100 of the tombstones in the Old Cemetery. The Jewish Military Cemetery, dating back to 1918, was also completely demolished. Pictured above is the New Cemetery with contemporary graves from the post-war period.

The photo below shows a common grave of Jews murdered by the Nazis in Lublin.

Common grave in New Cemetery in Lublin

The photo below shows a section of the old wall which survived the Nazi destruction of the cemetery. In front of it is another common grave of Jewish victims of the Nazis.

Remnant of old wall marks common grave